Baking Diary – Log 21 – 01.03.2014
OK, after a long, long post like the last, I want to go really light this time.
So, Rose, what’s for today? 🙂
It gonna be nothing new, just creating and testing a new recipe, learning a few unexpected lessons, and as usual, torturing my dear readers with my unchanged lengthy writing: My 100% Whole Wheat Bread with Tangzhong and Semi-Autolyse Method. I was very lazy with this recipe as I took most of the demonstrating photos by cellphone. 😛
I have spent loads of time and effort writing 2 posts about the Tangzhong Method that you can refer to here, part 1 (Introducing about tangzhong and my Universal Tangzhong converting formula) and part 2 (Where I shared how to adapt the formula and my 2 mostly used tangzhong bread recipes).
Today, I just have my fun and adapt (a little heavier than) slight change to my normal whole-wheat recipe, turning it from 50% whole wheat to 100% whole wheat. “And you said that was slight?” – you panicked. I did said “a little heavier than” right? 😉 Don’t worry, I have crack the code to make it super easy to be adapted and super tasty as well.
OK, here comes the fun part.
1 Pullman loaf of 20x10x10cm
Difficulty level: Easy
- 20g whole-wheat bread flour
- 100g water
- All of the tangzhong above
- 330g whole-wheat flour
- 130g lukewarm water
- 5g dry yeast (or 10g fresh yeast)
- 50g honey
- 5g salt
Step 1: Prepare the tangzhong according to my instruction here. Summary, dissolve flour in water, cook it until 65 degree C or simply put, into custard-like texture. Let cool to room temperature before proceeding with next step.
Step 2: While cooling the tangzhong, activate the yeast according to the manufacturer; mine needs dissolving into lukewarm water. When the tangzhong is cool enough and the yeast is activated, dump everything in the dough recipe above into a big mixing bowl, yes I mean everything, but make sure that you bury your salt or keep it far away from the yeast water mixture, otherwise, you might risk killing our precious bacteria.
Step 3: mixing it till formed a well-hydrated mass. Like this. See how little the gluten developed?
Then do nothing, absolutely nothing, let it be for 1 hour. Hey, did I say peeking is also not allowed? Do something else, like reading a new book, shopping, eating, hanging out with friends, whatever, just LET IT BE.
Oh, wait; you can do one step as below.
Step 4: Grease 1 Pullman loaf of 20x10x10cm with butter or cooking oil, remember to grease the top as well. Done? Now continue with the wait.
Step 5: After 1 hour, the mass looks puffy in size (almost double). The saggy whole-wheat bits and pieces just come together. It is the magic of Autolyse – letting the gluten in the dough develop by itself through time.
And now it’s kneading time. Now knead the dough for 6-10 minutes until its gluten fully develop like this.
Step 6: Now the dough is ready. It’s shaping time. Hey Rose, did you forget anything? Where is the bulk fermentation? Hey, you just did it, together with the Autolysis. 1 full hour of waiting, remember that pain? 🙂
Now rolling into thin sheet, then into a thick torpedo. Then do it again, like me demonstration in this Pullman white bread recipe.
Step 7: Let the dough rise for another hour until it’s only about 2cm away from the top. Like below.
Step 8: About 10 minutes before the final fermentation is over, preheat the oven to 195 degree C.
Step 9: Cover the loaf with its top, and then bake it in preheated oven for 1 hour. When it’s done, get it out of the pan, and let cool completely for 30 minutes.
Step 10: Slice it real nice, and enjoy all the good and healthiness of whole wheat, while it still very fluffy thanks to the added tangzhong and Autolysis.
OK, now that you have had your wonderful loaf of bread. Let me explain why I insist on letting the dough be in Step 3 of the demonstration. Let me explain to you the concept of autolysis. This wonderful blogger at A Bread A Day has explained this term very well.
Etymologically speaking, it’s the French word for the biological term “autolysis”, which is from the Greek words meaning “self” and “splitting”. Autolysis refers to the destruction of a cell by its own enzymes. In baking, this means that enzymes in flour (amylase and protease) begin to break down the starch and protein in the flour. The starch gets converted to sugar, and the protein gets reformed as gluten.
When we knead the dough, we are trying to do the same thing – form gluten. But accidentally at the same time when we knead, we also oxidize it (expose it to oxygen). Over-oxidized (or, over-kneaded) dough results in pale and tasteless finished bread. By giving the mixed flour and water time to go through autolysis on their own, you achieve the same result, but without any of the unpleasant effects of oxidation. Additionally, an autolyse period gives the flour time to soak up all the moisture, resulting in more orderly gluten formation.
Long story short, autolysis will make your dough easier to handle before it’s baked, and the end product will taste better, have better texture, look better, and have better keeping qualities.
It’s not yet the best part! Think about it, what you have to do for to make this happen? Absolutely NOTHING! You just need to wait for the miracle to work its own magic, in its own timing. Some (especially those who are hot-headed like me), might complain that waiting make them anxious and drive them crazy, they cannot help but poking and touching and peeking to the dough. I did all that, and worse. I turned my poor Ken (Kenwood mixer, read review here) to max only to see its hook move hopelessly in the bowl, gathering no dough. I turned the dough on to the counter, and started hand-kneading it (a.k.a. slapping, torturing it around, and slamming it against the marble countertop with pure anger), only to feel it stickiness on my hands and onto my hair. It was frustrated. I tried all I know, I tried so hard. Why? I almost throw it to the trash. But at one point, I just gave up, stopped struggling, and let it be for the whole hour. And guess what, this post happened.
Through all of those fail attempts, I’ve learned my lesson, that sometimes in baking (and in life in general), all you can do is just breath, have a little faith in what’s meant to happen, let go and let Life be. It’s not going to be easy (it’s going to be really hard, in fact, for me) but it is going to be worth it!
Haha, I don’t know what I am talking about right now, anyway, back to baking.
I (and some of you) might know that ideally, autolyse involves mixing only the flour and water together. But in this recipe, I’ve instructed you to add the yeast, the salt as well (which basically everything), Why? Let me explain first on yeast and then I go to salt, OK?
By mixing the yeast into the flour and water, you avoid any accidental yeast extermination that might occur when adding tiny dried yeast particles at the same time to a big ol’ lump of dough, post-autolyse. Besides, this way, the yeast can start to activate and produce all those lovely little acetic and lactic acids that also help make your bread better. Best of best, it also helps you reduce the bread making time as the yeast also fermented the dough while it autolyses. If you prefer reading more technically about this matter, I am more than happy to refer you over to Northwest Sourdough Autolyse Experiments One (the effect of Autolysis) and Two (the effect of adding levain/yeast before and after Autolysis).
OK, Yeast I understand, but salt, is it not only a protease inhibitor (tightening the gluten); it’s also a yeast inhibitor (killing it)? Why you add salt in? Let me tell you honestly, it was pure laziness at first. The first time I use autolysing technique; I strictly followed the Flour-Water only Golden rule, the result was superb. So I read more, and stumbled upon posts above at Northwest Sourdough, so I start adding yeast to my autolysing mass. The problem with salt and autolysed dough is, sometimes, salt cannot be incorporated evenly in the dough, causing uneven bread taste. It was weird, one side of bread, it was way too salty, the other side, tasteless. 😛 So, I got lazy, and I dumb all of them into the bowl at once. It was reckless of me, but the result, at least from my bare eyes and tongue. And I keep doing it from then on. End of story!
Thinking of a name for this method because Autolysis + Pre-fermentation seems long. How about Prefutolysis? =)) Haha, big weird-NO! OK, just keep it as it is: Semi- Autolyse.
Furthermore… “What, Rose, more? Did you say you gonna keep it light this time?”
OK, one last thing before I am out of here. Last thing I promised. I also try this with mixture of half Whole-Wheat – half Rye with great success. Here, see?
Recipe as follow:
- All of the whole wheat tangzhong above
- 150g rye flour
- 180g whole-wheat flour
- 130g lukewarm water
- 5g dry yeast (or 10g fresh yeast)
- 50g honey
- 5g salt
All the steps are the same as above, the result is the softest rye bread I’ve ever tasted.
Another shot at its awesomeness.
Compare between the two beauties.
You can see that from the same amount of flour, rye bread always have less rise and denser texture. Don’t worry, it’s normal.
OK, as promised, I stop here, now, immediately. 😉
Until next time,
P/s: I submitted this to YeastSpotting.